Here, I try to identify which one is subject, verb, complement, modifier, and objects in Bali and Lombok Article
Bali and Lombok
Bali and Lombok are the best known of the holiday islands of Indonesia, and are readily accessible from Australia and Japan, their principal tourism markets.
Bali and Lombok = Subject
are the best known= Verb, Complement
holiday islands of Indonesia = Object
readily accessible from Australia and Japan = Modifier
Bali is separated from Java to the west by only a narrow stretch of water, whereas Lombok to the east is more remote and less developed.
Bali = Subject
is separated from = Verb
Java = Object
to the west by only a narrow stretch of water, whereas Lombok to the east is more remote and less developed = Complement
Bali has a long-established reputation as a ‘tropical paradise’, where a seemingly gentle, artistic people live in harmony with their environment.
Bali = Subject
has = Verb
a long-established reputation as a ‘tropical paradise’ ‘tropical paradise’ = Object, Complement
where a seemingly gentle, artistic people live in harmony with their environment = Modifier
However, with tourist arrivals exceeding 2 million a year in the late 1990s – compared to less than 30 000 in 1969 – it has become difficult to sustain this image.
tourist arrivals, it = Subject
exceeding, has become difficult = Verb
2 million a year in the late 1990s, sustain this image = Object, Complement
Unlike most of Indonesia, the two islands were relatively unaffected by the turmoil that followed the Asian financial crisis of 1997–98 and the troubles in East Timor.
the two islands = Subject
were = Verb
relatively = Modifier
unaffected = Complement
by the turmoil that followed the Asian financial crisis of 1997–98 and the troubles in East Timor = Object
In fact, the fall in value of the rupiah against Western currencies meant that Bali became a value-for-money destination for many tourists.
the fall in value of the rupiah, Bali = Subject
against, became = Verb
Western currencies, value-for-money destination for many tourists = Object
Lombok has benefited from Bali’s popularity, and tourism development has been rapid since the mid-1980s.
Lombok, tourism development = Subject
has benefited, has been = Verb
Bali’s popularity, rapid = Object
from, since = Complement
The events of ‘Black October’ 2002 dealt a severe blow to the Balinese economy, which had become over-dependent on tourism.
The events of ‘Black October’ 2002 = Subject
dealt = Verb
Balinese economy = Object
severe blow = Complement
Matters were made worse by the reaction of some Western governments to the threat of terrorism; Britain’s Foreign and Commonwealth Office, for example, issued an advisory against travel to the island, which was not lifted until June 2004.
Western governments, Britain’s Foreign and Commonwealth Office = Subject
were made worse, issued = Verb
Matters, advisory = Object
by the reaction, against travel to the island = Complement
In the meantime, hundreds of craft workshops and other small tourism-related businesses had closed down through lack of orders, while hotel occupancy rates slumped far below the 50 percent needed to cover operating costs.
lack of orders, hotel occupancy rates = Subject
had closed down, slumped = Verb
hundreds of craft workshops and other small tourism-related businesses, operating costs = Object
far below the 50 percent needed = Complement
Many Balinese were forced to return to their farming villages in the face of widespread unemployment in the tourism sector.
Balinese = Subject
Many = Complement
were forced = Verb
return to their farming villages in the face of widespread unemployment in the tourism sector. = Object
Australians were the main victims of the bombings, and not surprisingly the fall in demand was greatest in the inclusive tour market catering for middle income Australians.
Australians, fall in demand = Subject
Were, was greatest = Verb
main victims, tour market catering = Object
the bombings, inclusive = Complement
surprisingly = Modifier
The Japanese market was more resilient; this accounts for the largest number of tourist arrivals, but with a short length of stay averaging less than a week.
The Japanese market = Subject
Was = Verb
Resilient = Object
More = Complement
Young Japanese tourists find the relaxed lifestyle of Bali a welcome escape from the social conventions and conformity prevailing in their own country.
Young Japanese tourists = Subject
Find = Verb
relaxed lifestyle of Bali = Object
a welcome escape from the social conventions and conformity prevailing in their own country = Complement
The backpacking youth travel market, and what might be called ‘five star’ tourism at the other extreme, already seem to be recovering from the crisis of 2002. Domestic tourism has increased, with the encouragement of the Indonesian government.
Indonesian government = Subject
has increased = verb
Domestic tourism = Object
with the encouragement = Complement