Fifth Assignment : Identify Sentence Elements

Here, I try to identify which one is subject, verb, complement, modifier, and objects in Bali and Lombok Article

 

Bali and Lombok

Bali and Lombok are the best known of the holiday islands of Indonesia, and are readily accessible from Australia and Japan, their principal tourism markets.

Bali and Lombok = Subject

are the best known= Verb, Complement

holiday islands of Indonesia = Object

readily accessible from Australia and Japan = Modifier

Bali is separated from Java to the west by only a narrow stretch of water, whereas Lombok to the east is more remote and less developed.

Bali = Subject

is separated from = Verb

Java = Object

to the west by only a narrow stretch of water, whereas Lombok to the east is more remote and less developed = Complement

Bali has a long-established reputation as a ‘tropical paradise’, where a seemingly gentle, artistic people live in harmony with their environment.

Bali = Subject

has = Verb

a long-established reputation as a ‘tropical paradise’ ‘tropical paradise’ = Object, Complement

where a seemingly gentle, artistic people live in harmony with their environment = Modifier

However, with tourist arrivals exceeding 2 million a year in the late 1990s – compared to less than 30 000 in 1969 – it has become difficult to sustain this image.

tourist arrivals, it = Subject

exceeding, has become difficult = Verb

2 million a year in the late 1990s, sustain this image = Object, Complement

Unlike most of Indonesia, the two islands were relatively unaffected by the turmoil that followed the Asian financial crisis of 1997–98 and the troubles in East Timor.

the two islands = Subject

were = Verb

relatively = Modifier

unaffected = Complement

by the turmoil that followed the Asian financial crisis of 1997–98 and the troubles in East Timor = Object

In fact, the fall in value of the rupiah against Western currencies meant that Bali became a value-for-money destination for many tourists.

the fall in value of the rupiah, Bali = Subject

against, became = Verb

Western currencies, value-for-money destination for many tourists = Object

Lombok has benefited from Bali’s popularity, and tourism development has been rapid since the mid-1980s.

Lombok, tourism development = Subject

has benefited, has been = Verb

Bali’s popularity, rapid = Object

from, since = Complement

The events of ‘Black October’ 2002 dealt a severe blow to the Balinese economy, which had become over-dependent on tourism.

The events of ‘Black October’ 2002 = Subject

dealt = Verb

Balinese economy = Object

severe blow = Complement

Matters were made worse by the reaction of some Western governments to the threat of terrorism; Britain’s Foreign and Commonwealth Office, for example, issued an advisory against travel to the island, which was not lifted until June 2004.

Western governments, Britain’s Foreign and Commonwealth Office = Subject

were made worse, issued = Verb

Matters, advisory = Object

by the reaction, against travel to the island = Complement

In the meantime, hundreds of craft workshops and other small tourism-related businesses had closed down through lack of orders, while hotel occupancy rates slumped far below the 50 percent needed to cover operating costs.

lack of orders, hotel occupancy rates = Subject

had closed down, slumped = Verb

hundreds of craft workshops and other small tourism-related businesses, operating costs = Object

far below the 50 percent needed = Complement

Many Balinese were forced to return to their farming villages in the face of widespread unemployment in the tourism sector.

Balinese = Subject

Many = Complement

were forced = Verb

return to their farming villages in the face of widespread unemployment in the tourism sector. = Object

Australians were the main victims of the bombings, and not surprisingly the fall in demand was greatest in the inclusive tour market catering for middle income Australians.
Australians, fall in demand = Subject

Were, was greatest  = Verb

main victims, tour market catering = Object

the bombings, inclusive = Complement

surprisingly = Modifier

The Japanese market was more resilient; this accounts for the largest number of tourist arrivals, but with a short length of stay averaging less than a week.

The Japanese market = Subject

Was = Verb

Resilient = Object

More = Complement

Young Japanese tourists find the relaxed lifestyle of Bali a welcome escape from the social conventions and conformity prevailing in their own country.

Young Japanese tourists = Subject

Find = Verb

relaxed lifestyle of Bali = Object

a welcome escape from the social conventions and conformity prevailing in their own country = Complement

The backpacking youth travel market, and what might be called ‘five star’ tourism at the other extreme, already seem to be recovering from the crisis of 2002. Domestic tourism has increased, with the encouragement of the Indonesian government.

Indonesian government = Subject

has increased = verb

Domestic tourism = Object

with the encouragement = Complement

 

http://www.englisharticles.info/2011/10/17/bali-and-lombok/

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