What is A Transitive Verb?
Look at these sentences.
- He met her yesterday.
- She wrote a story last year.
- Rust destroys iron.
In these sentences, the verbs are the words met, wrote and destroys. In each sentence, you ask the question , ‘met whom/what?’ You will get the answers as follows:
- sentence 1 — question: met whom? — answer: her
- sentence 2 — question: wrote what? — answer: story
- sentence 3 — question: destroys what? — answer: iron
(note that we use whom in the questions for human beings and what for things and also for animals.)
The words her, story and iron in the sentences above are called objects in grammar.
A transitive verb is, therefore, a verb which has an object. An object, we may say, is the aim or purpose or destination or target of a verb’s action. In our three example-sentences above, the verbs met, wroteand destroys have the words her, story and iron as their targets. These targets are called objects. With a transitive verb, we can expect these objects
So, once again, I must say, a transitive verb is, therefore, a verb which has an object. Therefore, here’s a list of transitive verbs : eat, drink, read, write, play, see, hear, answer, buy, find, love, like, understand, catch, bring, sing, meet, give, take, get, forget, buy, sell, pay, help.
|(a) The teacher answered the question.||answered||question|
|(b) My friend bought a house.||bought||house|
|(c) The children found the money.||found||money|
|(d) Most Indians love cricket.||love||cricket|
|(e) Keralites like football.||like||Football|
(f) She loves her boyfriend very much love boyfriend
(g) Mr. Johnson gave me a lot of money gave I
(h) You must pay the rent pay rent
(i) The band play a classic song play classic song
(j) He ate an rotten apple this morning ate rotten aple
(k) Lili answered all question with confident answered question
(l) He wrote a very beautiful poem wrote poem