Seventh Assignment : Transitive Verb



What is A Transitive Verb?


Look at these sentences.

  1. He met her yesterday.
  2. She wrote a story last year.
  3. Rust destroys iron.


In these sentences, the verbs are the words metwrote and destroys.  In each sentence, you ask the question , ‘met whom/what?’  You will get the answers as follows:

  • sentence 1 — question: met whom? — answer: her
  • sentence 2 — question: wrote what? — answer: story
  • sentence 3 — question: destroys what? — answer: iron

(note that we use whom in the questions for human beings and what for things and also for animals.)

The words herstory and iron in the sentences above are called objects in grammar.

A transitive verb is, therefore, a verb which has an object. An object, we may say, is the aim or purpose or destination or target of a verb’s action. In our three example-sentences above, the verbs metwroteand destroys have the words herstory and iron as their targets. These targets are called objects. With a transitive verb, we can expect these objects


So, once again, I must say, a transitive verb is, therefore, a verb which has an object. Therefore, here’s a list of transitive verbs : eat, drink, read, write, play, see, hear, answer, buy, find, love, like, understand, catch, bring, sing, meet, give, take, get, forget, buy, sell, pay, help.


Example :


Sentence verb object
(a) The teacher answered the question. answered question
(b) My friend bought a house. bought house
(c) The children found the money. found money
(d) Most Indians love cricket. love cricket
(e) Keralites like football. like Football

(f)  She loves her boyfriend very much            love                 boyfriend

(g) Mr. Johnson gave me a lot of money          gave                 I

(h) You must pay the rent                                 pay                  rent

(i)  The band play a classic song                       play                 classic song

(j)  He ate an rotten apple this morning            ate                   rotten aple

(k) Lili answered all question with confident   answered         question

(l)  He wrote a very beautiful poem                  wrote               poem


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